Design of Specimen

 

The design of the frame is based on a number of design standards, including the 2000 International Building Code, the 1997 AISC Seismic Provisions, the ACI 318-99 code, and the 1994 ASCE Joint Recommendations.  The design of the beams were predominantly controlled by the strength requirement while the size of the columns were controlled by strong-column weak-beam.   In order to meet drift requirements in the frame, the beam sizes were increased by about 10%.  Note that the design of this frame is meant to push the limits of the code and therefore is not conservative.  In fact, the SCWB ratio is not met for some of the joints in the frame.  The final member sizes as well as measured material properties are shown in the table below.

 

Floor

Steel Beam

Floor

RC Column

 

Section (mm)

(1)

Material

(2)

fy(Mpa)

(3)

fu(Mpa)

(4)

Section (mm)

(5)

fc¡¦

(MPa)

(6)

Rein.

bar

(7)

Fy

(MPa)

(8)

Fu

(MPa)

(9)

 

1st

H600x200x11x7

flange

A572 Gr.50

402

525

1st

650x650

1C1

50.5

8-#11

529

699

 

1C2¡B1C3

45.8

12-#11

 

web

410

507

 

1C4

44.3

8-#11

 

2nd

H500x200x10x16

flange

A572 Gr.50

484

635

2nd

650x650

2C1

44.2

4-#11

529

699

 

2C2¡B2C3

44.8

12-#11

 

web

517

642

 

2C4

45.2

4-#11

 

3rd

H396x199x7x11

flange

A572 Gr.50

388

526

3rd

650x650

3C1

45.4

4-#11

529

699

 

3C2¡B3C3

44.8

12-#11

 

web

430

535

 

3C4

46.9

4-#11

 

 

 

The theoretical plan view of the structure is shown below along with the actual elevation view in the laboratory.

 

 

 

 

 

This is a precast system that utilizes grouted column splices that are located 1-meter from the bottom of the column at the first floor and at the slab level at the second and third floors.  The beams are spliced at 1500mm from the centerline of the column. 

 

 

 

Seismic Design Criteria

 

•IBC 2000

–Design Hazard (SDS = 1 g; 10% in 50 year)

–R = 8 (Composite Special Moment Frame)

–Drift: Dd*Cd < 0.02

–Eccentricity 5% in plan (7.5% increase in design shear)

–Period: 1.2Ta = 0.6 sec

•Design Base Shear

V/W = (SDS /R)*1.075 = 0.134    ( = 260 kips = 1156 kN)

Drift requirement increases this to an effective base shear of about 10% to 0.147

•Beams

–Sized for strength based on negative bending strength (steel beam)

–Increased by about 10% to satisfy drift

•Columns

–Sized for SCWB criteria

•Composite Joints

–Checked for SJWB criteria

•Bolted Moment Connections

–Design strength to develop 1.1RyMp,steel at column face